Foods your dog can and can't eat
We know that a healthy dog is a happy dog. Every now and again our furry friends deserve a tasty treat, and this may mean some human food…
However, especially for a new owner or borrower, it’s not always clear what food dogs can and can’t eat. To make things a little easier, we're sharing this helpful infographic showing some common foods your dog should and shouldn’t eat. Take a look below.
Healthy snacks that dogs will love:
- Ice cubes
- Raw, meaty bones
- Fruit and veg, such as carrots and green beans
- Many owners keep a stock of canine training treats and these are fantastic. Just remember, moderation is key :)
Food/objects that you should not feed your dog:
- Cooked bones - Once cooked, bones can easily splinter and cause a hazard. Raw bones are great though, and will make your dog very happy.
- Onions and chives. In any form (raw, cooked, dry and powdered), onions can be toxic due to the disulfides and sulfoxides contained within them, both of which can cause severe anaemia and damage red blood cells.
- Grapes and raisins - Grapes contain a toxin that can cause liver damage and kidney failure for our puppy pals.
- Fat trimmings - these can cause bouts of Pancreatitis (a very painful condition) and should be avoided.
- Plants - Many plants are poisonous. Reference The Pet Poison Helpline for more information.
Food dogs can eat
Not sure what human food you can and can’t feed your pup, owned or borrowed? Our pawsome pals over at Animal Health have put together this list of the human food that your dog can eat, and top tips on how best to serve it.
When it comes to feeding your dog fruit, it's important to know which fruits offer health benefits and which ones should be avoided.
- Cleans residue off teeth whilst keeping gums healthy
- Keeps their breath fresh
- They are packed with vitamins A & C
To avoid any potential choking, cut the apple into small slices and take out both the core and seeds.
- Pumpkin is packed with vitamin A and fibre
- Ideal snack for dogs with sensitive stomachs
Your dog can eat both fresh and canned pumpkin. Just make sure there are no added sugars or spices as these may not agree with your dog.
- Coconuts contain lauric acid, which fights off viruses and helps develop the immune system
- Helps with clearing up flea allergies and hot spots
Only ever allow your dog to eat the coconut flesh, because the outer shell can be painful when trapped in paws, and also poses a choking hazard. Coconut oil and milk are also healthy alternatives.
- Peanuts are packed with protein and fats that are beneficial to your dog’s health
Only ever feed them plain peanuts, never salted, in moderation; too much fat could lead to issues with your dog's pancreas. Also, never be tempted to feed them any other types of nuts. Almonds, walnuts, and pecans can easily tear the windpipe if not chewed properly.
- Healthy source of provitamin A beta-carotene
- Good for healthy digestion
Remove the seeds from the squash and you're good to go. Alternatively, you can freeze leftover slices for a refreshing summer treat.
- Contains calcium and potassium, good for oral health and energy
Freezing the pineapple also makes for a good summer treat. Plus it's nice and crunchy, which may be beneficial for your dog’s dental health.
Many pet owners are tempted to feed their dogs all types of vegetables, most of which are fine to do so, but which are most beneficial for your dog’s health?
- Healthy source of calcium, potassium, and folate
Courgette can be fed in three ways to your dog: cooked, raw, or frozen - they love it all ways.
- High source of calcium, magnesium, and potassium
Kale can be served raw, dry, or lightly steamed, with the latter being the preferred option as it is easier to digest.
- Low in calories
- Good source of potassium and calcium
It's best to serve your dog raw cucumber; avoid frozen or cooked.
- High source of fibre, folate, and calcium
- Large amounts of vitamins A and C
You can feed broccoli to your dog either raw, cooked, or frozen. Steamed greens with flax seed oil will help to boost your dog's intake of omega fatty acids.
- Healthy source of calcium and folate
- Low in calories
Turnips can be served in several ways for you dog; raw, baked, or mashed.
- Contains calcium, potassium, vitamin K, and folate
- Low in calories
Similar to broccoli, it can be fed to your dog raw, frozen, or cooked.
- Contains high amounts of beta-carotene
- Can help to improve vision
Mostly enjoyed raw by dogs, but you could try steaming them, or drying thin slices into crisps.
- Peas contain a healthy source of vitamin B, potassium, and phosphorous.
Peas are a good addition to tinned dog food, either thawed or frozen.
- Similar to pumpkins, sweet potatoes are high in fibre and vitamin A
Always steam or bake your potatoes, as this makes them easier for your dog to eat and digest.
SEAFOOD AND MEAT
Many dog owners are becoming more aware of the risks that specific meats and seafood can pose for dogs, so to ensure complete safety, take note of the following suggestions.
- High in healthy omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins
Never give your dog raw salmon; always cook it first to avoid a poorly pooch!
- Great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which promotes eye and heart health
Tuna contains small amounts of mercury, so feed it to your dog as an occasional treat; never give them canned tuna in oil, opting instead for tuna canned in spring water.
- High in antioxidants and low in calories
- Good source of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin B12
Similar to tuna, feed shrimp to your dog in moderation or as a treat. Always remove the shell and ensure they are fully cooked to avoid any potential harm.
- Good source of amino acids
- Packed with protein and is easily digestible
Always feed your dog raw pork; when cooked it can become very salty and bad for their health.
When it comes to dairy, every dog is different, just like humans. Some may have no problem eating dairy products, while others may experience issues, so it’s all about learning which dairy products your dog loves, and which ones it doesn’t.
- High in calcium and protein
Only ever feed in small amounts. Bear in mind that your dog could be lactose intolerant, so never feed them huge amounts in one go.
- Great source of protein, selenium, biotin, and riboflavin
Eggs should be fully cooked before you feed them to your dog, i.e. no runny yolks; make sure you serve them without the shell and with no added seasonings.
GRAINS, SEEDS AND TREATS
Before you feed your dog grains, seeds and treats, it’s important to learn which ones are safe and which ones aren’t.
- Good source of energy and it helps dogs with an upset tummy
Brown rice is lower in calories and higher in protein compared to standard white rice.
- Good source of omega-3 fatty acids, beneficial to healthy skin and coat
Store flax seeds in an airtight container as they can go rancid very quickly. Flax seed oil is another decent alternative.
- Good source of fibre, beneficial to older dogs suffering with bowel irregularities
Always feed your dog plain and cooked oatmeal, never raw.
- High source of protein, vitamins B and K, and niacin
Always use unsalted peanut butter as this doesn't contain any xylitol, which can be toxic to dogs.
If, for any reason, you suspect your dog has ingested something that could be potentially harmful, such as chocolate, medicine, rat poison, or an unusual household item, phone your vet immediately and arrange for the dog to be seen as soon as possible to be assessed and treated as necessary
We hope you found this helpful. Of course if you’re ever in any doubt or worried that your dog may have consumed something toxic we recommend contacting your local vet as soon as possible.
Many thanks to our friends at CyberPet.com for sharing this pawsome infographic!
Further info on poisonous plants to dogs
Garden plants poisonous to dogs
What to do if your dog has food poisoning
Preventing herbicide poisoning in dogs
Spring tips to keep your doggy safe
Protecting your dog from pests and insects
Foods your dog can and can’t eat
10 springtime hazards for dogs
Christmas foods to keep away from your dog
Dog poo colours: what do they mean?
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