Scottish Dog Breeds

Scottish Dog Breeds

In celebration of St Andrew’s Day, we are taking a look at 5 Scottish dog breeds. Of course, this list is by no means extensive and there are many more Scottish breeds to discover. However, we have chosen a handful with interesting stories and origins! With an expansive history, these breeds have been companions to royalty, hunted with counts and were abandoned by Polish merchants on the Scottish shore.

West Highland Terrier

Stanley, a West Highland Terrier, standing at the base of a tree looking at camera

The first of two dog breeds on our list to be popularised by King James VI of Scotland, the Westie was first recorded during his reign in the 16th and 17th centuries. He bred them in the dozens to gift to France.

The West Highland Terrier breed may have descended from Spanish terriers of similar size who were reported to be washed ashore on the Isle of Skye after a ship from the Spanish Armada was wrecked nearby.

Golden Retrievers

Marloe, a fluffy Golden Retriever puppy, sits side ways looking towards camera in a field of long grass

This incredibly popular breed was originally bred for use during wildfowl hunting. As their name suggests, they are excellent at retrieving and were first used to retrieve the game from both water and land in the 19th Century.

Bearded Collie

Maggie, a Bearded Collie, standing, tongue out in a field of bluebells looking at camera

The legend goes that Polish sheepdogs were abandoned on Scottish shores in the 16th century and bred with local dogs to create the Bearded Collie.

They may have actually been part of a trade between a Polish and Scottish Merchant who saw their abilities and wanted to breed them with their own breeds. Either way, they are still excellent working dogs today.

Scottish Terrier

Hugo, Scottish Terrier, with their tongue out in a park, looks toward the camera

The oldest breed on our list, the Scottish Terrier has an unclear and undocumented origin. There are records of similar dogs dating back to 1436 and we know that King James VI also gifted 6 of them to France. He helped popularise them across the world!

Skye Terrier

A Skye Terrier, Ronnie, standing on grass, looking slightly left into the distance

Sadly, the Skye Terrier is one of the most endangered native breeds. However, they were once the favourite of Queens. Mary Queen of Scots famously had a loyal dog under her skirts when she was executed and this dog was supposedly a Skye Terrier. Later, Queen Victoria kept the breed and helped breed them.

There are so many more dog breeds we could have included on this list. How many of these breeds did you already know about? Did any surprise you?

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