It’s cold outside for us and our pups too (their winter coats are deceiving). We all know that leaving the house with layers, warm coats, hats and proper shoes is a must. But any clue on how to take care of your pup when the temperatures plummet? We called our friends at Vets Now for some answers and this is what they told us.
Keep your pets inside, especially overnight, when temperatures fall. Otherwise they run the risk of getting frostbite or hypothermia. If your pet is showing signs of either of these, contact your vet immediately. Remember, too, that temperatures indoors can also plummet. If you’re out, try to make sure temperatures in your home can never fall below 20c.
It’s worth considering taking your dog on shorter, more frequent walks to protect them from weather-associated health risks.
Salt and chemicals used to grit roads and pavements can be an irritant to your pet’s pads, especially if they have any small cracks or redness between the toes. Always wipe their paws with a cloth and warm water when you get home.
Antifreeze poisoning is a major hazard during cold snaps, especially if it leaks from a car’s radiator or spills on the ground while being sprayed on frozen car windows. Remove ice from vehicles using an old-fashioned scraper, keep containers of antifreeze locked away and clean up any spills quickly, as even small amounts can be deadly.
Just like humans, some pets, such as husky dogs, are more tolerant to cold weather than others. Make sure you do your homework on your breed. For example, Dobermans, chihuahuas and great Danes require a little extra protection in the cold. Short-nosed pets are also more at risk from extreme temperatures due to inherited breathing difficulties.
It’s a myth that dogs are more resistant than people to cold just because they have fur. Even long-haired pets are at risk in cold weather. Consider putting a dry jumper on your pet before going outside and always take spares in case they get wet.
Pets are more at risk of becoming lost and disoriented in snowy or blizzard conditions. Ensure your dog’s identification tag and microchip details are up-to-date and relevant.
Believe it or not, short-nosed dogs, in particular, are at risk of suffering heat stroke if they exercise vigorously in freezing temperatures and then settle in a warm house.
Steer clear of water that has frozen over. There is no guarantee it will support the weight of your pet. If your dog falls through ice it may be deadly.
Pets who spend long periods outside may require more calories in the winter to generate enough energy to keep them warm.
Older pets, particularly those with arthritis or mobility issues, are at risk of slipping and injuring themselves on slippery surfaces, especially steps or when jumping in or out of vehicles.
It’s common sense but you should check your pet’s water bowl regularly and fill it up whenever it’s low. Few animals can survive for long without hydration, especially in extreme temperatures. You should also be careful not to let your pet’s water bowl freeze over.
If the weather forecasters predict an extreme cold snap or snow and blizzards, make sure you have a pet emergency plan in place. This includes stocking up on food and any prescription medication, knowing who to call in an emergency and how you might travel to the vet in an emergency.
We hope these tips help you keep your favourite furry friend safe in the cold weather, if you ever have any concerns we recommend contact your local or emergency vet. Premium BorrowMyDoggy members also have access to our 24/7 vet line - their phone number can be found on your homepage.